The Holy Bible consists of 73 books. Each book is divided into chapters which in turn are subdivided into verses. The books of the Bible are cited by abbreviations. The chapters and verses are indicated by numbers and some letters (a, b, c, d) that identify the paragraphs, that is the part of the verse wanted to be mentioned.
To correctly interpret a quote, all its parts are to be identified.
A quote first indicates the abbreviation of the book which it refers to. Example: “Mt” indicates Matthew’s Gospel.
The abbreviation of the book name is followed by a number that identifies the chapter. Example: “Mt 1” indicates the first chapter of Matthew’s Gospel.
The number that identifies the chapter is followed by a number that identifies the verse. Chapter and verse are separated by a colon. Example: “Mt 1:1” indicates the first verse of the first chapter of Matthew’s Gospel.
If the quoted verses are more than one, there are different possibilities:
A hyphen “-” means that the quote includes the verses ranging from the number on the left and that on the right of the hyphen: Example: “Mt 1:1-3” indicates the passage included between verse 1 to verse 3 of the first chapter of Matthew’s Gospel.
A period is used to indicate only the verses with the quoted number. Example: “Mt 1:1.3” indicates the first and third verses of the first chapter of Matthew’s Gospel.
A semicolon is used to separate verses of different chapters. Example: “Mt 1:1; 2:1” indicates the first verse of the first chapter and the first verse of the second chapter of Matthew’s Gospel.
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